Internal seminar

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Bi-weekly Tuesday NERSC Internal seminars

Breaking up is hard to do – Simulating Arctic sea ice break-up in neXtSIM

Jonathan Winfield Rheinlænder (Sea Ice Modelling)
Seminar Date: 
20. October 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

In the last decade, the thickness of Arctic sea ice has declined dramatically with thicker multi-year ice being replaced by thinner first-year ice. As the sea ice thins it becomes more mobile and less dy­namically stable, thereby making the Arctic ice cover increasingly vulnerable to oceanic and atmo­spheric forcing (such as Arctic storms). As a consequence, extreme sea ice break-up events have become more frequent in the last 5-7 years, particularly in the Beaufort Sea region.

Modelling the transport pathways of floating marine litter in the North East Atlantic Ocean

Achref Othmani (Ocean Modeling)
Seminar Date: 
6. October 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

This work is part of my research activities in my previous position performed in the framework of Clean Atlantic project.
As a result of human activities, marine litter has become a severe pollution threat with negative impacts on the marine environment and human health. Substantiated concerns have been raised regarding this issue and efforts have been made to mitigate its harmful effects.
Modelling the extent of marine pollution, sources, pathways and its accumulation zones would reinforce management actions, prevention and removal of surface litter from hotspots.

How can neXtSIM help us to understand the observed changes to Arctic multiyear ice in recent decades?

Heather Reagan (Sea ice modelling group)
Seminar Date: 
22. September 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

As part of the FRASIL project, we are interested in the evolution of first year and multiyear ice in the Arctic. Satellite observations have shown a general decline in multiyear ice in recent decades, but the mechanisms behind this and the summertime behaviour of the multiyear ice extent cannot easily be inferred from these observations. To try to shed light on this, I’ve been using the neXtSIM sea ice model to track multiyear ice.

Introduction to CMIP6 model data and analysing tools

Yanchun He (Climate Dynamics and Prediction)
Seminar Date: 
23. June 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

The seminar will take place on Teams.

Outline of presentation:
- Overview of Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 6 (CMIP6).
- NorESM contribution to CMIP6.
- Access of CMIP6 data on the National e-Infrastructure for Research Data (NIRD).
- Tools to download CMIP6 to NIRD.
- Analysis of the original model output and the standardised (i.e., CMORized) CMIP6 datasets - the NorESM Diagnostic Tool and the ESMValTool.

Postponed: Impact of the North Atlantic Atmospheric Variability on the Northern European Sea Level

Fabio Mangini (Ocean and Sea Ice Remote Sensing)
Seminar Date: 
17. March 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

In this project, we analyze the contribution of the winds to the winter-time sea level variability over the Northern European continental shelf at intra-seasonal timescale. Using daily gridded sea level anomaly from altimetry, we relate anomalously high and anomalously low sea level events to the daily winter-time jet clusters. The jet clusters are persistent and recurrent states of the atmospheric circulation in the North Atlantic. They are four in number and capture different configurations of the eddy-driven jet stream. Following this approach, we find two main results.

Detection of the oceanic eddies signature in sea ice drift from synthetic aperture radar images in the Arctic Ocean

Angelina Cassianides
Seminar Date: 
10. March 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

Interactions between mesoscale eddies and sea ice could potentially represent an important mechanism, via which the ocean contributes to the on-going and future sea ice retreat. In this study, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images from Sentinel-1 are used to study the potential signature of these eddies on sea ice drift. The first step is to geolocate oceanic eddies observed from Ice Tethered Profiler data and moorings data deployed over the Arctic Ocean.

Evaluation of Radial Ocean Surface Currents Derived from Sentinel-1 IW Doppler Shift Using Coastal Radar and Lagrangian Surface Drifter Observations

Artem Moiseev (Ocean and Sea Ice Remote Sensing)
Seminar Date: 
3. March 2020 - 11:15 - 11:45

Ocean surface radial velocities (RVLs) derived from the Sentinel-1 A/B Interferomic Wide (IW) mode Doppler frequency shift observations are regularly acquired over the Norwegian coastal zone. This data can be used to complement existing ocean observation systems with high-resolution (up to 1.5x1.5 km) spatial ocean surface current (OSC) maps. In this study, Sentinel-1 IW Level 2 OSC retrievals were obtained from two months (October-November 2017) of raw Doppler shift observations acquired over the Norwegian Coastal Current (NCC).

Student Participation in the Coordinated Arctic Acoustic Thermometry Experiment (CAATEX)

Bjørnar Hallaråker Røsvik and Henrik Hellem (bachelor students in Polar Acoustics and Oceanography)
Seminar Date: 
14. February 2020 - 13:15 - 13:45

As part of the Ocean Technology program at the University of Bergen (UiB) we, Bjørnar Hallaråker Røsvik and Henrik Hellem, were invited by the NERSC Acoustics Group to participate in the CAATEX cruise. Our roles on board was among other to help facilitate the mooring deployments and assist in optical experiments carried out by doctorate student H. Sandven from UiB. We also participated in reporting sea ice conditions into the Arctic Shipbourne Sea Ice Standardization Tool (ASSIST) software.

Introduction of AGCM experiments in Blue-Action project and preliminary results

Lingling Suo (Climate Dynamics and Prediction)
Seminar Date: 
17. December 2019 - 11:15 - 11:45

Four groups of the AGCM experiments are conducted to isolate the relative role of the Arctic sea ice, PDO and AMO in Arctic warming. One is a historical experiment and the other three adopt the boundary conditions with climatological Arctic sea ice, removal of PDO / AMO signals in SST, respectively.
The preliminary results show that the Arctic sea ice trend contributes to the majority of Arctic near-surface warming while PDO suppresses Arctic tropospheric warming in recent several decades. The contribution of AMO is uncertain.

Investigating the variability and dynamics of the Beaufort Gyre from satellite observations and a high-resolution model

Heather Regan (visitor to the Sea Ice Modelling group)
LOPS, Ifremer, Brest, France
Seminar Date: 
19. November 2019 - 13:15 - 13:45

Authors: Heather Regan (LOPS, Ifremer, Brest, France), in collaboration with Camille Lique and Claude Talandier (LOPS), Thomas Armitage (JPL) and Gianluca Meneghello (MIT)

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